By Afaf Lutfi Al-Sayyid Marsot
Автор - профессор истории Ближнего и Среднего Востока Калифорнийского Университета - в своей книге даёт краткий курс истории Египта - от завоевания государства арабами, через эпоху мамлюков, объединение Египта в Османской империи, либеральные эксперименты в конституционном правительстве в начале двадцатого столетия, продолжившиеся в годы Насера и Садата, до настоящего времени, характеризующегося появлением новых политических партий, укреплением исламского фундаментализма и постепенного изменения отношения к женщинам.Образцы сканов:
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Additional resources for A History of Egypt: From the Arab Conquest to the Present
Though a careless ruler who left affairs of state in the hands of his viziers, al-Mustansir was generous, and his pension list was said 22 a history of egypt to include 100,000 to 200,000 names every year. A loose hand on the reins of government, combined with the presence of a variety of ethnic groupings among the regiments, ended in bloody fights among the troops, who were soon to decimate the country. The black regiments controlled Upper Egypt, while the Turkish regiments controlled the capital and used their power to despoil the treasury and strip the palace of its sumptuous treasures.
From that vantage point he could dominate the entire city and never be as easily besieged as in the city on flat ground. An aqueduct supplied the city and the citadel with drinking water from the Nile. Most of Saladin’s time was spent campaigning, so that little time was spent in Egypt. Those who ruled over Egypt in his name were his brother, Safadin, known as al-Malik al-Adil, and his vizier, al-Fadil, as well as a eunuch, Qaraqush, who supervised much of the public works carried out in the country.
His romance however was serialized over the radio, but then displaced by more modern entertainment. The epic tales of Baibars tell how once, before a battle with the Il-Khans, he disguised himself and ventured into a Mongol stronghold to spy out the lie of the land. Once inside the city, he left a ring as a pledge at a pastry-shop where he had dined and the following day wrote to the Il-Khan requesting that he send back his ring, pointing out to the bemused ruler that his fortifications left much to be desired and enumerating the various points of weakness which would allow him, Baibars, to capture the city without the slightest difficulty.
A History of Egypt: From the Arab Conquest to the Present by Afaf Lutfi Al-Sayyid Marsot
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