By M. C. Ricklefs

ISBN-10: 033357690X

ISBN-13: 9780333576908

ISBN-10: 1349227005

ISBN-13: 9781349227006

This publication is a entire introductory textual content at the background of Indonesia because the arrival of Islam ca.1300 to the current day. an important narrative of political heritage is equipped including information of social, cultural and fiscal affairs. Emphasis is given to the background of the Indonesian humans themselves opposed to the history of the formation of the Indonesian country through an amalgamation of various yet similar ethnic groups. the full interval because the coming of Islam is surveyed with specific consciousness to significant impacts resembling: the unfold of Islam; cultural traditions; Dutch colonisation; Islamic revivalism; anti-colonialism and independence. This ebook will help the intense examine of the prior and current of a country that's the main populous of Southeast Asia and of the Islamic international, a tremendous oil manufacturer and but one of many poorest international locations in the world. during this, the second one version, Professor Ricklefs contains additional historiography and suitable evidence because the book's first e-book in 1981, bringing his historical past of Indonesia thoroughly up to date.

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Sample text

The identity and activities of Sunan Gunungjati are known largely from semilegendary tales, and much uncertainty remains. It is not impossible that the 38 A HISTORY OF MODERN INDONESIA SINCE c. 1300 military conquests ascribed to him were more the efforts of another man known to the Portuguese as 'Tagaril' and 'Falatehan' (perhaps Fadhillah Khan or Fatahillah), who may be confused with Gunungjati in some legends. A manuscript called Purwaka Caruban Nagari has been found in Cirebon which distinguishes between Gunungjati and Fadhillah; it was supposedly written in 1720, but there is reason to doubt its authenticity.

The Dutch had acted as middlemen in retailing spices from Portugal in northern Europe, but the war and the union of the Spanish and Portuguese crowns in 1580 disrupted their access to spices brought from Asia by the Portuguese. This naturally only increased their desire to ship spices directly from Asia themselves. Moreover, the movements of population which occurred during the Dutch-Spanish war left the Netherlands a more homogeneous Calvinist society, while the southern Spanish provinces (in present-day Belgium) and, of course, Spain and Portugal themselves, were Catholic.

The greatest and most lasting effects of the arrival of the Portuguese were two: the disruption and disorganisation of the trade network caused by their conquest of Malacca, and the planting of Christianity in some parts of eastern Indonesia. The second, however, was less the work of the Portuguese empire than of a few devoted priests. Mter the Portuguese came the Dutch, who inherited the aspirations and strategy of the Portuguese. The Dutch brought better organisation, better guns, better ships, better financial backing, and the same combination of courage and brutality.

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