By Richardo A. Caminos, Henry G. Fischer

ISBN-10: 0870991973

ISBN-13: 9780870991974

The papers which are the topic of this ebook have been initially offered at a convention which used to be held in Cairo from January fifth to ninth, 1975, and which was once known as "Ancient Egypt: difficulties of historical past, assets and Methods." The convention was once backed by means of the Egyptian Antiquities association in collaboration with the yank examine middle in Egypt and the collage Museum, collage of Pennsylvania.

(This identify used to be initially released in 1976.)

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This is the view of those who hold that he is the world soul (mundi animum), a view which is that of the supposedly great and learned. 107 50 THE JEWISH GOD The notion of mundi animus and the four elements points to stoicism as the philosophical concept behind Varro 108 and the idea of theocrasy, and M. , may be taken as proof that some syncretistic Jews from Asia Minor responded positively to the pagan concept of theocrasy and propagated in Rome a syncretistic cult of Jupiter Sabazius. 111 However, the evidence for this is anything but unequivocal.

In describing the "one God" of the Jews as summum, he comes very close again to Varro and to the Jewish notion of el 'elyon, and in defining it as "eternal" and "endless," that is, without beginning and end, he develops a highly philosophical and rather abstract concept of the Jewish religion (sola mente) which could hardly seem more empathic. Even the offensive habit of not setting up statues for the Caesars finds a sympathetic, though slightly ironical, explanation. This positive explanation of the aniconism of the Jewish religion and its consequences for an abstract comprehension of God stand in conspicuous contrast to the overall tone of the digression.

I believe that he did it being terrified by his sublimity (illius summitate deterritus). Since the Romans habitually worship nothing superior to Jupiter, a fact attested well and openly by their Capitol, and they consider him the king of all the gods (regem omnium deorum), and as he perceived that the Jews worship the highest God (Iudaeos summum deum colere), he could not but identify him with Jupiter. 22 Here Varro proposes a very simple equation: Jupiter is the highest god, and the Jews worship the highest god, thus the God of the Jews must be Jupiter.

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Ancient Egyptian Epigraphy and Paleography by Richardo A. Caminos, Henry G. Fischer


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